Health Kids

Milk Allergy and Lactose Intolerance, What’s the Difference?

Little can have various reactions after drinking milk. For example, bloating, colic, diarrhea or even constipation or constipation that generally appears some time after your child drinks cow’s milk. Do you know what causes these conditions? Yes, it can be allergic, it can also be lactose intolerance.

In fact, allergy and lactose intolerance are two health conditions that have similar symptoms. Even so, both are different circumstances so that the way to overcome them can not be equated.

Cow milk allergy

Cow’s milk allergy occurs due to an abnormal response from the immune system when the body concedes cow’s milk or its processed products. This condition gives symptoms, such as flatulence, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation and other gastrointestinal disorders.

The symptoms that occur in cow milk allergy are not only limited to the digestive tract. That is, someone who experiences an allergic reaction from consuming cow’s milk can also experience symptoms of red rashes on the skin, itching, swollen lips, shortness of breath to a life-threatening drop in blood pressure. This happens because allergies involve the body’s immune system in general, with an extremely complicated process.

One thing that characterizes cow’s milk allergy is, symptoms can be triggered even though only a little exposure to cow’s milk. These symptoms will usually occur shortly after milk enters the digestive tract.

Lactose intolerance

Lactose intolerance occurs because the body is unable to process lactose or the type of sugar present in milk. This happens to people who do not have the enzyme lactase in their bodies.

What is the lactase enzyme? This is an element in the small intestine that works to break lactose into energy, for the body then uses to carry out its functions.

Well, because there is no lactase enzyme, the lactose present in milk cannot be digested so it goes in its intact form to the large intestine. Bacteria that naturally live in the large intestine then ferment to the lactose and various symptoms occur.

Symptoms that are identical to lactose intolerance are nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal pain and diarrhea. All symptoms are only limited to the digestive tract, aka not involving other organs.

The process of the symptoms of lactose intolerance takes place gradually and is generally experienced after consumption of milk containing lactose in large quantities.

Which is more dangerous?

If not treated immediately, milk allergy and lactose intolerance can both affect the growth and development of your child. This is because both of these conditions can make your child feel uncomfortable, difficult to eat, easily hurt, and threatened to increase height and weight.

Not only that, various complaints that occur due to allergies or lactose intolerance can also inhibit the potential for growth and intelligence of the Little One in the future.